Get Began With Our Go-to Checklist of Accounting Phrases



As a small enterprise proprietor, the concept of studying accounting lingo may be intimidating. You could not know many phrases utilized in accounting. To higher perceive what you are promoting’s funds, chances are you’ll wish to evaluation a couple of fundamental accounting phrases. That will help you get began, under are explanations of widespread accounting phrases.

Frequent accounting phrases

Evaluation your accounting terminology and definitions to check your accounting data. You’ll be able to higher handle your books by having a greater grasp in your accounting phrases.

Accounts payable

Accounts payable contains what you are promoting’s liabilities, and it represents cash owed. It consists of all the cash you owe to small enterprise distributors for services or products bought on credit score.

Accounts receivable

Accounts receivable is cash owed to what you are promoting from offering items and companies to clients.


Belongings are assets or gadgets of worth you personal. Some examples of belongings embrace money, land, provides, or stock.

Belongings may be fastened or present. You’ll be able to flip present belongings into money inside a 12 months. Nevertheless, you possibly can’t convert fastened belongings into money inside one 12 months. Mounted belongings are long-term belongings that convey continuous worth to what you are promoting, like buildings or land.

Belongings can be thought-about tangible and intangible. Tangible belongings are bodily belongings, like automobiles and property. Intangible belongings embrace issues you possibly can’t contact, like emblems and patents.

Stability sheets

Stability sheets present a snapshot of what you are promoting’s monetary well being. A enterprise steadiness sheet contains what you are promoting’s belongings, liabilities, and fairness on a given date. On a steadiness sheet, your belongings should equal your liabilities and fairness.

Money move

Money move is the cash flowing out and in of what you are promoting. A constructive move exhibits extra money coming in than going out. A unfavorable money move signifies extra money going out than coming in.

Report your money move on money move statements. Money move statements are one of many main monetary statements for what you are promoting.

Chart of accounts

Your corporation’s chart of accounts is used to report monetary transactions. Your chart of accounts is a useful software to determine one of the best account to report a transaction.

Price of products bought

The value of products bought (COGS) contains the direct prices (e.g., labor and supplies) used to create your services or products.

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Credit score

A credit score is a journal entry made on the suitable aspect of an account. It both will increase an fairness, legal responsibility, or income account, or decreases an asset or expense account.


A debit is one other journal entry made on the left aspect of an account. It both will increase an asset or expense account, or decreases an fairness, legal responsibility, or income account.


Fairness represents the worth of firm possession. Fairness in a enterprise is the distinction between your belongings and liabilities. Examples of fairness embrace retained earnings and customary inventory.

Normal ledger

A basic ledger for small enterprise comprises an organization’s full monetary information. It’s the place you report credit score and debit transactions. Info from a basic ledger can be utilized to create monetary stories.

Revenue assertion

An revenue assertion, additionally known as a revenue and loss assertion, is one other key monetary assertion which stories a enterprise’s profitability throughout a interval. An revenue assertion can present intervals resembling a 12 months, month, or a couple of weeks. Revenue statements record out your bills and revenue and present whether or not you’ve gotten a web revenue or web loss.


An bill exhibits how a lot cash is owed for items or companies. A vendor points an bill to a purchaser to request cost. Invoices can embrace gadgets bought, costs, and purchaser and vendor data. As a small enterprise proprietor, you possibly can create invoices for patrons you prolong credit score to. You can too obtain invoices if you buy issues on credit score.

Journal entry

A journal entry information transactions. It comprises the account to be debited, the account to be credited, and the date the transaction happens. Whenever you create a journal entry, your debits and credit should be equal.


Liabilities embrace the cash what you are promoting owes to others. Report liabilities on what you are promoting’s steadiness sheet. The extra debt what you are promoting has, the extra your liabilities enhance. Liabilities are belongings minus your fairness. Frequent examples of liabilities are bonds payable, wages payable, and loans payable.


Reconciliation is the method of balancing an account to show your debits and credit are equal. An instance of reconciling is verifying that your checkbook steadiness matches your financial institution assertion.

As a small enterprise proprietor, you want a straightforward method to report your incoming and outgoing cash. You’ll be able to full your books in a couple of easy steps with Patriot’s on-line accounting software program. Attempt it free of charge right now!

This text has been up to date from its authentic publication date of November 27, 2018.

This isn’t meant as authorized recommendation; for extra data, please click on right here.



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